David Stairs Sign for women’s washroom in Hindi, English, Urdu, and Bengali. The water is held by the right, or eating hand. As goes its plumbing, so goes a nation; in this we do trust. The Romans supposedly poisoned themselves with lead piping, while Africans often don’t use generic daily cialis< pipes at all, preferring pit toilets and jerry cans. Indians have their own problems with hygiene; public urination is common among men. When it comes to internal plumbing Indians have their own unique style, and it’s different from the cialis and back pain< OCD purchase cialis< approach to hygiene most Americans take. Indians mix and eat their food with their right hand, so you can imagine that hand washing is important, and most public eateries provide a sink. But, because of the way Indians clean themselves, it is at best impolite and at worst taboo to eat with one's left generic viagra forum< hand. That hand is used for other, more basic functions. A sprayer substitutes for TP in many Indian bathrooms Consequently, cialis professional wikipedia< Indian bathrooms have slightly different appointments than Western. Middle class families usually provide toilet paper, but public facilities, even modern malls, often do not. To a person socialized to TP, there's a learning curve to using a hose after defecating. And public restrooms tend to be drenched in sprayed water, a messy, slippery experience overall. The shower at left viagra online usa< gets everything wet; TP rack mounted inside shower at right The average middle class apartment bathroom has all the usual suspects: sink, toilet, and shower, but the arrangement is sometimes curious. Many of the bathrooms I’ve been in, aside from hotels, have no shower stall. In its place, a corner with a shower head and drain. Some have accommodations for a shower curtain, but most do not. This means, if you’re not a bit restrained, the whole room gets soaked. As a consequence, Indian bathrooms are never carpeted or wall papered, and most are completely tiled. An alternative is the spigot. Some people prefer to fill a bucket with water and use a cup to bathe. I’ve tried this. It is more economical, but for pure pleasure, nothing beats a shower. Occasionally, one observes a humorous or dangerous faux pas, like in the bathroom where the toilet paper rack was mounted inside the shower curtain, or another with a light fixture located above the shower. Light fixture, top right, mounted inside shower Lastly is the water heater. These are usually small, on-call devices after the European fashion; overall a good choice in a place with inconsistent power. Whatever the arrangements, Indians live in a hot country where food-borne illness can be a problem and not nearly all of them can wash their cares away in holy Ganga. I suspect Indian plumbing will continue to evolve from its humble origins in the lota. And that’s all to the good. David Stairs is the founding editor of Design-Altruism-Project